The Group operates in the food industry and is exposed to a variety of risks and uncertainties. The Group’s Enterprise Risk Management framework is designed to identify, assess and mitigate key risks by taking appropriate measures to ensure the achievement of the Group’s objectives.
Overall responsibility for establishing, reviewing and adapting the company-wide governance, risk management, compliance and control processes lies with the Board of Directors (the Board). The Board has delegated responsibility for evaluating the Group’s risk and control
environment to the Audit, Finance, Risk, Quality & Compliance Committee (the AFRQCC).
|Key Risks||Risk Description||Mitigation/Measures|
|Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG)||
The Group’s strategic and operational business objectives and associated performance frameworks are linked to a complex, highly interconnected and continuously evolving global ESG landscape. Factors such as the effects of climate change, carbon emissions, deforestation, human rights abuse, business ethics, diversity and inclusion, equality and stakeholder impact represent a wide source of drivers that can lead to opportunity and risk in the pursuit of business objectives and the creation of stakeholder value. Further ESG-related risk factors include uncertainties in relation to stakeholder expectations (civil society, customers, investors, NGOs, regulators and suppliers) associated with measuring performance and reporting. Furthermore this encompasses various emerging regulatory requirements related to mandatory ESG reporting and ESG due diligence covering an organization's end to end supply chain that could expose the Group to litigation and negatively impact the Group’s reputation.
|The Group has a long-standing commitment to sustainability, which constitutes one of the four strategic pillars. In 2016, the Group launched Forever Chocolate, its plan to make sustainable chocolate the norm by 2025. The Group’s sustainability strategy that includes key projects to manage ESG risks and associated governance and performance frameworks are described in more detail in the Sustainability section of the Annual Report and the annual Forever Chocolate Progress Report. The Group is committed to continuously improve and implement ESG specific governance structures, due diligence processes and reporting frameworks. The aforementioned principles are also actively promoted in the Group’s dealings with suppliers and customers and are as far as possible, imposed through the Group’s contractual relationships with these stakeholders. Further stakeholder assurance is obtained through external ratings and audits. The Group publicly discloses sustainability performance, policies, programs, actions, and results to the needs of its stakeholders. The Group's progress is reflected in several renowned ESG performance benchmarks and assessments. Dedicated teams are proactively monitoring the evolving regulatory landscape to ensure the Group complies with emerging regulatory requirements as they develop.|
Long-term sustainable supply of cocoa and other agricultural raw materials
|The Group is dependent on a sustainable supply of quality cocoa beans and other agricultural raw materials so that it can produce high-quality cocoa and chocolate products. ESG risk factors such as declining productivity attributable to poor agricultural practices, nutrient-depleted soils and aging cocoa trees, waning interest from the next generation in becoming cocoa farmers, child labor in supply chains, the change in farmer preferences from cocoa and other raw material cultivations to alternative, more attractive crops, and the longterm impacts of deforestation and climate change could lead to a shortfall in high-quality cocoa beans and other essential agricultural raw materials in the mid- to long-term.||Under the umbrella of its overall sustainability strategy Forever Chocolate, the Group aims to improve the productivity and livelihood of farmers, eradicate child labor from its supply chain, become carbon and forest positive and have 100% sustainable ingredients in all of its products. Longterm measures also include the continuous evaluation and diversification of supply sources in origin countries, developing improved agricultural practices for cocoa farms and maintaining an industry dialogue with key stakeholders in origin countries. The Group’s sustainability strategy and framework is described in more detail in the Sustainability section of the Annual Report and the annual Forever Chocolate Progress Report.|
|Rapidly shifting consumer trends||Rapidly shifting consumer trends may disrupt market and industry dynamics, which could impact the future growth of the Group’s business.||Trend analysis by the Group’s marketing and customer insight teams, together with crossfunctional commercial and operational teams working closely with customers, aim to identify trends in the marketplace, both positive and negative, at an early stage.
The Group constantly invests in data analytics, R&D and operational capabilities as part of a wellstructured process, enabling the Group to develop new products, capabilities and distribution channels which proactively address evolving trends and changing demand patterns.
|Business transformation||Timely initiation and successful execution of business transformation initiatives are critical to pursue strategic objectives, avoid disruption, improve agility and adapt to changing market conditions. Ineffective project portfolio management and implementation, insufficient due diligence, inaccurate business plan assumptions or inadequate post-merger integration processes can all have negative consequences. Investing in technology that is no longer competitive or becomes obsolete soon may further impact the successful execution of business transformation. These factors can result in an underperforming business, reduced synergies, or higher costs than expected.||All major business transformation projects are prioritized and monitored by the Group’s ExCo and Strategy Team. The Group deploys dedicated teams with significant experience and capability for their respective business transformation projects. These teams proactively follow market, technology and other trends and work in close collaboration with functional and regional experts, external advisors, and the Group’s Executive Committee. A clearly defined process for the evaluation, execution and integration of major business transformations is employed. The performance of major transformational projects and acquisitions are periodically reviewed against their goals. A similar process is employed for the execution of major acquisitions and divestitures.|
|External political and economic environment||Uncertain political and economic conditions (including spillover effects induced by epidemics or pandemics, geopolitical or geoeconomic conflicts or climate change related events or conditions) could result in reduced demand for chocolate and cocoa products or affect the Group’s operations, supply chain and cost structure. This may affect the Group’s expansion plans, profitability and financial position.||The Group has a presence in both developed and emerging markets with a well-diversified business and operations portfolio in different market, product and customer segments. Through its global operation and innovation networks, the Group is able to rapidly respond to customer requests and provide flexible, optimized recipes to adapt to changing market conditions. The Group regularly monitors the political and economic situation and developments globally and specifically in regions with higher uncertainty in order to prepare for various scenarios which may arise. The Group’s capability to respond to temporary supply and demand shocks as well as structural shifts associated with changes of the political and economic environment, is enabled by an agile organization and a well-governed issue management and strategy execution process.|
|Long-term outsourcing agreements||The Group has entered into a number of important long-term outsourcing agreements with customers. Failure to renew, early termination of existing long-term outsourcing agreements, failure to enter into new agreements or failure to negotiate terms that are attractive, could have a material impact on the result of operations.||The Group has a highly diversified global customer base representing a healthy mix of small, medium and large customers. For global strategic customers, the Group has established long-term outsourcing agreements governing mutual cooperation, addressing standards for quality, quantity commitments, pricing, service levels, innovation and ethics. For these customers, the Group has appointed dedicated teams that develop and maintain a close relationship in order to respond to customer needs professionally, promptly and to provide high-quality services that are mutually beneficial for all stakeholders concerned. These teams have expertise in customer relationships, service and innovation, as well as in commercial and pricing matters.|
|Talent and workforce management||Failure to attract, retain and develop a talented workforce with the right capabilities and skills could impact the Group’s ability to achieve its strategic objectives. Tight and competitive labor markets (accelerated by shifting skill requirements, new ways of working and demographic shifts or other factors) could lead to a shortage of skilled labor or talent in selected regions and functions. Sustained shortages and increased turnover rates could further impact the Group's costs and operational reliability.||Every effort is made to nurture a diverse and inclusive work environment that is supported by optimal processes and policies to attract, select, develop, reward and retain talent with the right capabilities and skills needed to achieve the Group’s strategic objectives. The Group employs succession planning, talent reviews, remuneration benchmarking, long- and short-term incentive plans, training and leadership development programs, as well as the tools to support and measure the success of all these processes. In 2021, the Group launched a global strategy for Diversity & Inclusion (D&I) named #oneBC. The Group’s strategy for Diversity & Inclusion is described in more detail in the section “Our People” of this Annual Report. Further, the Group continuously invests into business process technology and automation to make work more productive, collaborative and rewarding for its employees.|
|Quality & food safety||Products not meeting quality and food safety standards expose the Group to business interruption, litigation, product liability and recall claims. This may lead to loss of revenue and market share and could negatively impact the Group’s reputation. There is also a risk that raw materials are accidentally or maliciously contaminated throughout the supply chain. Furthermore, other product defects may occur due to human error, equipment failure or other factors.||The Group’s quality management system consists of robust standards, guidelines and procedures. The Group’s quality assurance department performs regular site and supplier audits to ensure compliance with the Group’s quality management system and takes corrective action when gaps are identified. In addition, a quality and food safety culture program is in effect across the entire Group to ensure all employees of the Group maintain a zero-defect mindset. A well-governed issue management process is regularly enhanced and trained to ensure adequate and timely reaction in the event of a food safety incident.|
|Operations and supply chain||The Group’s operations and supply chain network could be disrupted by incidents at manufacturing sites, adverse weather conditions, climate change, disease (human or crop), natural disasters, political instability, sabotage and other factors which could impact the ability to produce and deliver products to customers.||The Group’s operations and supply chain department operates a well-diversified and flexible manufacturing network that is governed by a well structured and coordinated global, regional and local sales and operations planning process. Furthermore, a well-structured issue management process is in place to manage recovery and business continuity of operations should the situation require it in times of distress. The global sourcing departments are continuously monitoring weather, harvest, political risk and other indicators to proactively anticipate potential supply shortages or interruptions of raw materials, machinery, equipment , indirect materials, logistics or other services.
Short-term mitigation measures include adequate levels of safety stocks and a diversified regional supply network.
|Information and operations technology||The Group’s business processes and its interaction with customers, suppliers and employees working remotely are highly dependent on reliable and secure information systems. Cyberattacks on our business-critical information and operations technology assets, environmental or physical damage to global data centers, a global wide area network breakdown or any other significant security incident could lead to a business interruption, loss of confidential data, noncompliance with data protection laws or misappropriation of assets.||The Group’s information management and technology department and the Group’s operations and supply chain department have implemented various preventive structures for the Group’s business-critical applications and locations including various technical solutions and regular internal awareness campaigns as well as training on cybersecurity for all employees and selected contractors. In the event of a major event, incident response and disaster recovery solutions, plans and procedures are in place and continuously enhanced. A mid-term plan to enhance information and operations technology security is regularly defined, and improvements are being implemented continuously.|
|Price volatility of raw materials and other input factors||Market prices for raw materials, energy and other input factors, as well as the structure of the terminal markets could have an influence on the Group’s operational results. To manage its exposure to these factors, the Group uses derivative financial instruments and forward physical commitments. Operating results may be affected by ineffective hedging strategies or by positions taken.
Furthermore, the Group’s profitability can be affected by its exposure to the volatility of the combined cocoa ratio, which expresses the combined sales prices for cocoa butter and cocoa powder in relation to the cocoa bean price.
|The Group’s commodity risk management policies require that all risk exposures are hedged back-toback in accordance with the related limit framework from the moment such exposures are entered into. For its contract business, namely the Food Manufacturers Product Group, which accounts for the majority of the business, the Group mitigates the impact of volatility in prices of raw material and other input factors through a costplus pricing model. Raw material price exposures arising at contract signing are hedged in accordance with the commodity risk management limit framework, price exposures to other input cost factors are managed through index based pricing mechanisms. In the Gourmet & Specialties Product Group, the Group applies a price list model whereby forecasted sales are hedged and price lists are adapted on a regular basis.
Adherence to the limit framework is regularly monitored by experts on local, regional as well as on group level.
In the Cocoa Product Group, the Group attempts to mitigate the effects of the volatility of the combined ratio by means of a central management system which monitors the positions and exposures related to cocoa products globally, taking into account both internal and external demand. The Group’s financial risk management framework related to commodities, foreign currencies and interest rates is described in more detail in note 3.7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
|Treasury||The Group’s operations are exposed to foreign currencies, interest rate, liquidity and credit risks. Volatility in raw material prices and supply chain requirements affect the Group’s working capital requirements and could result in liquidity issues. Failure to deliver on key parameters including cash flow could result in a downgrade of the Group’s credit rating and restrict its access to financial markets.||The Group has established a robust financial risk management framework and governance structure. The Group’s treasury policy requires that all foreign currency exposures in a floating currency regime as well as interest rate risk exposures are hedged in accordance with the related limit framework from the moment such exposures are entered into. The Group’s liquidity is ensured by means of regular Group-wide monitoring and planning of liquidity coordinated by the Group’s centralized treasury department. Financing needs are covered through a combination of adequate credit lines with reputable financial institutions and short- and long-term debt capital market products. The Group’s financial risk management framework related to financing and liquidity is described in more detail in note 3.7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.|
|Legal, regulatory and compliance||The Group is subject to both international and national laws, regulations and standards in such diverse areas as product safety, product labeling, environment, health and safety, intellectual property rights, antitrust, anti-bribery and corruption, employment and human rights, trade sanctions, data privacy, ESG supplier due diligence, corporate transactions and taxes in all the countries in which it operates, as well as stockexchange-listing, ESG and disclosure regulations in a constantly changing regulatory environment. Failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could expose the Group to investigations, litigation, administrative and/or criminal proceedings potentially leading to significant costs, fines and/or criminal sanctions against the Group and/or its directors, officers and employees with possible reputational damage.||Dedicated regional and local functional managers, supported by specialized corporate functions and external advisors, ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations. The Group has robust policies and procedures in place in the relevant areas. The Group’s legal department oversees the Group’s compliance program, which ensures awareness of the compliance risks and the Group’s compliance standards. The Code of Conduct, the Supplier Code and other Group policies set out the legal and ethical standards of behavior expected from all employees and selected stakeholders.|